Low Carbon Growth (LCG) ensures that we continue to pursue economic development while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Papua New Guinea requires greater investment in natural ecosystem services as in alternative energy and resource efficiency to move forward to a greener economy.
We aim to reduce emissions from existing sectors like the power sector by switching to renewable energy sources like solar, hydro-electric power and or geothermal power generation.
At the same time, we also aim to foster new and existing sectors to grow, with low carbon emissions. These will help us in the long run, to stop polluting our environment and carryout activities within a cleaner path for the benefit of our future generation.
The concept of low carbon growth has its roots in the UNFCCC adopted in Rio in 1992. In the context of this convention, low carbon growth generally expressed using the term low-emission development strategies (LEDS - also known as low-carbon development strategies).
Low carbon growth is generally used to describe forward-looking national economic development plans or strategies that encompass low-emission and/or climate-resilient economic growth.
In PNG context, low carbon growth describes policies, plans and projects that encourages or promotes greenhouse gas emission reduction development objectives.
1. The Low Carbon Growth or Mitigation Branch is located within the REDD+ and Mitigation Division of CCDA.Its objectives are as follows:
- To develop and facilitate the implementation of Low Carbon Growth Plans, Policies, Programs and Projects in the country;
- To coordinate the promotion of and development of renewable energy sources and other low carbon growth initiatives in the public and private sectors and communities;
- To facilitate coordination and implementation of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Projects in the country;
- To foster a Low Carbon Growth ‘culture’ in all sectors in PNG; and,
- To provide advice and assistance to the Executive Director and Minister for Climate Change in implementing Low Carbon Growth policies and initiatives.
2. Under the Low Carbon Growth Branch Work Plan, three intervention components have been identified as crucial in achieving a climate-compatible development in PNG. These intervention components include:
(i) Field Intervention Component
- Coordinate the rehabilitation of mini-hydro systems in PNG with stakeholders;
- Coordinate establishment of new hydropower and geothermal energy projects in PNG;
- Coordinate establishment of new renewable energy development programmes in PNG; and,
- Coordinate establishment of CDM projects activities and other carbon offset initiatives in PNG.
- Coordinate the development of energy efficiency and demand side management projects in the country with key stakeholders
(ii) Policy Intervention Component
- Facilitate development and coordination of climate compatible development Policies and Regulations on Low carbon growth activities in all sectors of development in PNG;
- Establish and identify Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in PNG;
- Establish a Low Carbon Growth policy framework for mitigation of climate change;
- Encourage and strengthened coordination of low carbon growth policy initiatives between relevant institutions in PNG; and,
- Encourage the coordination of all industrial activities and policy interventions across all sectors of &the economy towards achieving the Government’s National Emission Reduction Target of 50% reduction by year 2030 and to become carbon neutral by 2050.
(iii) Marketing Intervention Component
- Promote establishment of Low Carbon Growth initiatives in PNG;
- Promote emission reduction programs and initiatives in all sectors of the economy;
- Promote establishment of Low Carbon Growth business or initiatives in PNG through contact with interested project developers overseas, buyers of carbon credits from CDM/Carbon Offset Projects and ensuring that other stakeholders as well are well-informed and well-linked to promote mitigation initiatives in PNG;
- Ensuring PNG have access to international markets that supply affordable low carbon technologies, appliances, etc., that facilitates low carbon growth economic development in the country;,
- Ensuring that PNG have access to international markets that will buy our local products, and home-grown technology inventions, etc., that facilitates Low Carbon Growth development; and,
- Develop a Marketing Information System (MIS) or Guideline to promote CDM and other Low Carbon growth initiatives in the country nationally and internationally.